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Hate to disagree, but basing geo diffs on HQ pay has proven either vaguely ineffective or highly destructive for decades. Sometimes it might work, but there are better and safer ways to pay in accord with local conditions, wherever you may operate.

Dave Thomsen PhD and I worked hard decades ago to (eventually) persuade the (then) Civil Service Commission of the US Federal Government to abolish the ridiculous practice of one single pay rate for every job in every American location. We got some plaques from the grateful agencies like the FBI, IRS, USMS, etc., while consultants like our friend Howard Risher PhD got the implementation gigs. But the original technical pay variations were based on differentials from the national pay at given levels rather than using the HQ location as the base.

Long before then it was still a rather well known approach, to have variable pay scales based on local deviations from "average normal" rates. Here is why.

A still-massive financial corporation based in NYC called me decades ago, upset about what happened when new updated geographic differential survey formulae suddenly seemed to show crazy results when they adjusted their geo diff structures in a new year. Their program used their NYC HQ as the base against which they applied geo diffs to adjust to local conditions. But over the past year at issue, pay in NYC had been flat while competitive pay in all their outlying US locations had risen "normally" for the times... but NOT in NYC.

Since the pay trend at virtually all levels in their base HQ city was totally out of line with the nationwide trends variously reflected in their outlying regions, the relative relationships derived from the false comparison fell completely out of alignment with all actual local and national pay practices elsewhere. Using HQ as your base forces your branch pay relationships to reflect HQ change patterns... but labor economics don't work that way. Each city has a different and often unique practice. The dramatic variances can only be minimized by aggregating results into a universal (national) scale less subject to wild swings than individual cities.

Base your center normative foundation rate on the national trend because it will adjust for localized aberrational trends which may change or reverse individually but balance out in the aggregate.

Another reason to remove the focus on HQ locations is simple credibility. It is very difficult to justify relationships based the current reality in one frequently unique pay marketplace. When it changes in a unique direction, all the inter-related geo diffs must be changed in a "new proper ratio" to it. That ain't easy to do and even harder to explain. MUCH easier to say, the US Average (although it's really a median) is 100% and SuperCity is 125% while Megaplex Center is 112%, Typical Town is 105%, Smallville is 93% and TinyTown is 85%. You can even use bracketed categories, if you have many locations, in which the members can vary over time, per consistent trend findings.

Geo diffs are "simple" yet remain just as technical as the tricks of Executive Remuneration Packages. And they affect a whole lot MORE employees, so treat them like dynamite!

It will be interesting to see what happens as more employees available for each job would tend to push wages down, but more companies competing for those employees would tend to push wages up. Couple that with the fact that companies have long established geo diffs in place. I think there will be a gradual move towards the middle but it will take years to be realized.

I'll jump back in, Craig, before Dan has a chance. (Brennan is arrogant, that way...)

It's already happened. Movement to the norm has continued re geo difs. Not so much as the increasingly accurate relationships between executive pay and organization size, but still meaningfully... and differently.

Two separate geo pay trends are involved.

1. High-paying enterprises have increasingly clustered into bigger cities or metroplexes, driving up the cost of labor in "industry centers". Both Silicon Valley and the Boston Beltway are super-high paying regions where employers vie incestuously to drive up competitive rates in such regions. Of course, that also draws in universities to teach those trades and graduates and/or imported hires who now populate those areas to softly moderate the supply/demand dynamics thereof. VERY few really high-paying enterprises are located in the increasingly isolated tiny villages of "flyover country" where wages and costs remain quite low.

2. New operational technologies (remote workers, virtual meetings, gig economy) combined to ease the requirements for actual in-person physical meetings where everyone must live near work for effective access. New political realities also justified steady occasionally massive minimum wage increase legislation in the high-pay regions. Nevertheless, folks with the critical skills that draw impressive salaries/bonuses now rarely find themselves forced to relocate to find that better higher paying job. That greener grass is usually somewhere already close by, or they just buy another home (with handsome relocation packages, of course) within their industry's central employment region where more job options exist.

The most important variable might just be the bifurcation to the US economy's wage and salary practices that occurred in 2002. The "business as usual" lockstep payroll increase trends ended forever after the economic freeze of 9/11/2001. While small employers all froze wages and salaries for 2002 and even 2003, big companies and government agencies continued with their budget-driven plans to expend the cash in their pipelines, ignoring the panic of the little firms.

Since the small employers never made their workers whole, the absolute differences in pay practices between the Bigs and the Littles widened. The size of employers became far more significant than their physical locations. The Bigs were already deeply embedded in the major (high paying) cities and regions, of course, while the Littles languished in the sticks, employing folks lacking the skills to attract big-city high pay. Those with STEM and other scarce skills continued to get the relocation offers, of course.

Bottom line, however, is that pay is ALWAYS based on supply and demand economics.

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